Thursday, October 10, 2013

Food and Diet for diabetic patient


Food and Diet for diabetic patient

**All information has been taken from internet, website, and a general doctor's advice. The treatment will be depending on the condition of the diabetic patient, this is only for those who would like to get the basic foot care advices and self-treatment. We are not responsible for the negative related-issues or consequences of any treatment as this article is meant for sharing purposes.

FOOD for Diabetes: slow-release carbohydrate, low glycemic index, high fibre, gluten-free, sugar-free, fat free and digestive. Always check the content label, branding can be a tricky way to declare the products are healthy.

Eating right is vital if you’re trying to prevent or control diabetes. While exercise is also important, what you eat has the biggest impact when it comes to weight loss. But what does eating right for diabetes mean? You may be surprised to hear that your nutritional needs are virtually the same everyone else: no special foods or complicated diets are necessary.

A diabetes diet is simply a healthy eating plan that is high in nutrients, low in fat, and moderate in calories. It is a healthy diet for anyone! The only difference is that you need to pay more attention to some of your food choices—most notably the carbohydrates you eat.
Choose high-fiber, slow-release carbs

You just need to be smart about what types of carbs you eat.

Stop taking highly refined carbohydrates like white bread, pasta, and rice, as well as soda, candy, and snack foods. Focus instead on high-fiber complex carbohydrates—also known as slow-release carbs. Slow-release carbs help keep blood sugar levels even because they are digested more slowly, thus preventing your body from producing too much insulin. They also provide lasting energy and help you stay full longer.

Choosing carbs that are packed with fiber (and don’t spike your blood sugar)

Say no to the following:


· White rice
· White potatoes (including fries and mashed potatoes)
· Regular pasta
· White bread
· Sugary breakfast cereal
· Instant oatmeal
· Cornflakes
· Corn
· Soda
· Candy, and snack foods
· Seafood
· Sugar / desserts

Say yes to these high-fiber options:



· Brown rice or wild rice or porridge
· Sweet potatoes, yams, winter squash, cauliflower mash
· Whole-wheat pasta
· Whole-wheat or whole-grain bread
· High-fibre breakfast cereal (Raisin Bran)
· Steel-cut oats or rolled oats
· Bran flakes
· Peas or leafy greens
· Water or fresh fruit juice
· Vegetables and fruits
· Fish with omega
· natural sugar from fruits


Top food anti-diabetic list:

Beans (if you do not have pus): Whether you prefer kidney, pinto, navy or black beans, you can’t find better nutrition than that provided by beans. They are very high in fiber giving you about 1/3 of your daily requirement in just a ½ cup and are also good sources of magnesium, and potassium. They are considered starchy vegetables but a ½ cup provides as much protein as an ounce of meat without the saturated fat. To save time you can use canned beans, but be sure to drain and rinse them to get rid of as much sodium as possible.

Dark Green Leafy Vegetables: Spinach, collards, kale – these powerhouse foods are so low in calories and carbohydrate, you can’t eat too much.

Citrus Fruit: Grapefruit, oranges, lemons and limes. Pick your favorites and get part of your daily dose of soluble fiber and vitamin C.

Sweet Potatoes: A starchy vegetable packed full of vitamin A and fiber. Try in place of regular potatoes for a lower GI alternative.
Berries: Which are your favorites: blueberries, strawberries or another variety? Regardless, they are all packed with antioxidants, vitamins and fiber. Make a parfait alternating the fruit with light, non-fat yogurt for a new favorite dessert.

Tomatoes: An old standby where everyone can find a favorite. The good news is that no matter how you like your tomatoes, pureed, raw, or in a sauce, you’re eating vital nutrients like vitamin C, iron, vitamin E.

Fish High in Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Salmon is a favorite in this category. Stay away from the breaded and deep fat fried variety... they don’t count in your goal of 6-9 ounces of fish per week.

Whole Grains: It’s the germ and bran of the whole grain you’re after. It contains all the nutrients a grain product has to offer. When you purchase processed grains like bread made from enriched wheat flour, you don’t get these. A few more of the nutrients these foods offer are magnesium, chromium, omega 3 fatty acids and folate.

Pearled barley and oatmeal are a source of fiber and potassium.
Nuts (if you do not have pus): An ounce of nuts can go a long way in providing key healthy fats along with hunger management. Other benefits are a dose of magnesium and fiber.

Some nuts and seeds, such as walnuts and flax seeds, also contain omega-3 fatty acids.
Fat-free Milk and Yogurt: Everyone knows dairy can help build strong bones and teeth. In addition to calcium, many fortified dairy products are a good source of vitamin D. More research is emerging on the connection between vitamin D and good health.

Green Tea Studies show that chronic inflammation—caused by high-fat foods, lack of exercise, and eating too few fruits, vegetables, and good fats—can increase risk of hearts attacks and thwart the body's ability to absorb blood sugar. A simple solution: Drink green tea and orange or cranberry juice. They're all packed with flavonoids—powerful inflammation-fighters.

1 x small Bitter gourd, 2 x celery and 1 x green apple: small Bitter gourd can prevent diabetic complications. You can choose to blend bitter gourd, celery with green/ red apple. Or you can take the bitter gourd supplement.

Bitter Gourd supplement

However, do not overtake bitter gourd. Monitor your sugar level, if it drops dramatically, stop take bitter gourd. If sugar level increases, then you start taking bitter gourd again.


Making the glycemic index easy

What foods are slow-release? Several tools have been designed to help answer this question. The glycemic index (GI) tells you how quickly a food turns into sugar in your system. Glycemic load, a newer term, looks at both the glycemic index and the amount of carbohydrate in a food, giving you a more accurate idea of how a food may affect your blood sugar level. High GI foods spike your blood sugar rapidly, while low GI foods have the least effect.

You can find glycemic index and glycemic load tables online, but you don’t have to rely on food charts in order to make smart choices. Australian chef Michael Moore has come up with an easier way to regulate the carbs you eat. He classifies foods into three broad categories: fire, water, and coal. The harder your body needs to work to break food down, the better.

· Fire foods have a high GI, and are low in fiber and protein. They include “white foods” (white rice, white pasta, white bread, potatoes, most baked goods), sweets, chips, and many processed foods. They should be limited in your diet.

· Water foods are free foods—meaning you can eat as many as you like. They include all vegetables and most types of fruit (fruit juice, dried fruit, and canned fruit packed in syrup spike blood sugar quickly and are not considered water foods).

· Coal foods have a low GI and are high in fiber and protein. They include nuts and seeds, lean meats, seafood, whole grains, and beans. They also include “white food” replacements such as brown rice, whole-wheat bread, and whole-wheat pasta.

8 principles of low-glycemic eating

1. Eat a lot of non-starchy vegetables, beans, and fruits such as apples, pears, peaches, and berries. Try reduce starchy vegetables such as: potatoes, yams, and carrots. Even tropical fruits like bananas, mangoes, and papayas tend to have a lower glycemic index than typical desserts.

2. Eat grains in the least-processed state possible: “unbroken,” such as whole-kernel bread, brown rice, and whole barley, millet, and wheat berries; or traditionally processed, such as stone-ground bread, steel-cut oats, and natural granola or muesli breakfast cereals.

3. Limit white potatoes and refined grain products such as white breads and white pasta to small side dishes.

4. Limit concentrated sweets—including high-calorie foods with a low glycemic index, such as ice cream— to occasional treats. Reduce fruit juice to no more than one cup a day. Completely eliminate sugar-sweetened drinks.

5. Eat a healthful type of protein at most meals, such as beans, fish, or skinless chicken.

6. Choose foods with healthful fats, such as olive oil, nuts (almonds, walnuts, pecans), and avocados. Limit saturated fats from dairy and other animal products. Completely eliminate partially hydrogenated fats (trans fats), which are in fast food and many packaged foods.

7. Have three meals and one or two snacks each day, and don’t skip breakfast.

8. Eat slowly and stop when full.

Choose fats wisely

Fats can be either helpful or harmful in your diet. People with diabetes are at higher risk for heart disease, so it is even more important to be smart about fats. Some fats are unhealthy and others have enormous health benefits. But all fats are high in calories, so you should always watch your portion sizes.

· Unhealthy fats – The two most damaging fats are saturated fats and trans fats. Saturated fats are found mainly in animal products such as red meat, whole milk dairy products, and eggs. Trans fats, also called partially hydrogenated oils, are created by adding hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid and less likely to spoil—which is very good for food manufacturers, and very bad for you.

· Healthy fats – The best fats are unsaturated fats, which come from plant and fish sources and are liquid at room temperature. Primary sources include olive oil, canola oil, nuts, and avocados. Also focus on omega-3 fatty acids, which fight inflammation and support brain and heart health. Good sources include salmon, tuna, and flaxseeds.

Ways to reduce unhealthy fats and add healthy fats:

· Cook with olive oil instead of butter or vegetable oil.

· Trim any visible fat off of meat before cooking and remove the skin before cooking chicken and turkey.

· Instead of chips or crackers, try snacking on nuts or seeds. Add them to your morning cereal or have a little handful for a filling snack. Nut butters are also very satisfying and full of healthy fats.

· Instead of frying, choose to grill, broil, bake, or stir-fry.

· Serve fish 2 or 3 times week instead of red meat.

· Add avocado to your sandwiches instead of cheese. This will keep the creamy texture, but improve the health factor.

· When baking, use canola oil or applesauce instead of shortening or butter.

· Rather than using heavy cream, make your soups creamy by adding low-fat milk thickened with flour, pureed potatoes, or reduced-fat sour cream.


· Sugar Content in Fruit Ranked From Lowest to Highest
·          
Fruit (Raw) (3 oz)
Strawberries
4
27
Papaya
5
33
Watermelon
5.3
26
Grapefruit
5.9
27
Cantaloupe
6.7
29
Nectarines
6.7
37
Peaches
7.1
33
Kiwis
7.6
52
Guavas
7.6
58
Apricots
7.9
41
Oranges
8
40
Pears
8.3
49
Plums
8.4
39
Pineapple
8.4
43
Blueberries
8.5
48
Apples
8.8
44
Tangerines
9
45
Bananas
10.4
76
Cherries
10.9
54
Pomegranates
11.6
71
Mangoes
12.6
55
Grapes
13.2
59
Figs
13.8
63


Eat regularly

If you’re overweight, you may be encouraged to note that you only have to lose 7% of your body weight to cut your risk of diabetes in half. And you don’t have to obsessively count calories or starve yourself to do it.

When it comes to successful weight loss, research shows that the two most helpful strategies involve following a regular eating schedule and recording what you eat.
Eat at regularly set times

Your body is better able to regulate blood sugar levels—and your weight—when you maintain a regular meal schedule. Aim for moderate and consistent portion sizes for each meal or snack.

· Don’t skip breakfast. Start your day off with a good breakfast. Eating breakfast every day will help you have energy as well as steady blood sugar levels.

· Eat regular small meals—up to 6 per day. People tend to eat larger portions when they are overly hungry, so eating regularly will help you keep your portions in check.

· Keep calorie intake the same. Regulating the amount of calories you eat on a day-to-day basis has an impact on the regularity of your blood sugar levels. Try to eat roughly the same amount of calories every day, rather than overeating one day or at one meal, and then skiemping on the next.
Keep a food diary: write down what you eat everyday.
Monitor your sugar blood level: check your sugar level every 2 – 3 days in the morning, it can be during fasting or random check. This is to monitor your sugar level and to see check function of pancreas (integral part of the digestive system) to observe how is your digestion progress. Write down your sugar level everytime you check.


*****

Hey ya! Thanks for dropping by....do you have any comments or thoughts after reading my blog? I always love 2-way communication, do leave a comment in the comment box below, alright? Thanks!

Enjoy Life in Good Ways,
Suki Jezz